View on Serengeti
I went to Serengeti, it was one of the most interesting places I have ever visited. The well-known fact that his endless plains twice a year cross the large herds of animals, the reserve is a magnificent landscape, with rocky outcrops, hills, volcanoes, forests, rivers and forests of acacia trees. The reserve consists of a number of national parks, two UNESCO World Heritage Sites and two Biosphere Reserves.
Picturesque views of the Serengeti have left no one indifferent Stewart Edward White - one of the first researchers of this area. In 1913, he wrote: "We have overcome many kilometers on the way parched country ... Then you the green trees by the river, passed a few more kilometers and gone to heaven."
National Park Serengeti, an area of about 30,000 square kilometers, is located in northwest Tanzania and southwestern Kenya. More than 80% of the reserve consists of protected areas - Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, reservation IHRA, Masai Mara National Reserve (Kenya), reserves Loliondo, Grumeti and Ikorongo. In XVII-XVIII centuries BC. e. this region was inhabited by the Maasai tribes.
The ecosystem of the Serengeti is one of the oldest in the world and, as experts believe, little has changed in the last million years. Serengeti inhabit many different types of flora and fauna. In the hills alone, remnants grow hundreds of species of plants and inhabited by small mammals that inhabit this region only. Larger mammals, such as antelopes, wildebeests, gazelles, zebras, giraffes and buffalos are located on the Great Plains.
One of the features of the park is the migration of animals. Every year, during the dry season of October and November, more than a million wildebeest and about 220,000 zebras travel from the northern hills to the southern plains, where at this time are brief tropical rains. With the onset of the rainy season in April-June, the animals migrate to the west and north. Herds migrate not only within the Serengeti, but also in other parks and reserves. During this annual long journey animals are 3,000 kilometers. According to scientists, this whole giant biomass requires 4,000 tons of grass every day.
The park is home to other mammals of the "Big Five Tanzania" - lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants and African buffalo. These animals have a particular interest hunters - a large production lovers. Today, hunting is prohibited, and the reserve is visited annually by more than 90 000 tourists who want to see the most incredible and famous landscape of wildlife in Africa.